Thursday, July 7, 2016

Why our understanding of LOGIC needs a thorough re-think ?

Many most educated and knowledgeable men in the world today believe that LOGIC is a kind of magic-wand that, there is nothing in the world that it won't be able find answer for, or ultimately solve. Correct logical probing could unravel any mystery of life and existence ! Such a belief prompts them to declare that, there is nothing in the world and life that could not be known and un-mystified.

This is an attempt to un-mystify the above belief, and the unfounded confidence in the power of Logic. The intention is to show that, Logic could be applied to localized subjects and issues based on localized, very relative principles that could be applicable to very particular situations. There exist no one-Logic that could be valid and applicable to every life situation, and that could be treated as a mother-premise for inferring every other conclusion, except the laws about the FORMS of logic, that guides the ACT of inferring, but NOT anything about the CONTENT subject of inference.

The author also wish to show similar light on what is 'rationality'. It is nothing but an inherent urge in human mind to be consistent with his REASONS, ie. whatever he knows as final in any subject will compel him to be 'consistent' with them in his communication and actions. So, rationality is in simple terms, an inherent urge to be 'logical'.

Bertrand Russell had no hesitation in simply putting it forth that; " it is obvious that the knowledge of logical forms is something quite different from knowledge of existing things...we might understand all the separate words in a sentence without understanding the sentence.. we may also have knowledge of the form without having knowledge of the constituents"

He continues : ' in order to understand a sentence,it is necessary to have knowledge of both the constituents and of the particular instance of the form'..How true ! These days, one with some knowledge of formal logic could repudiate what you have stated, merely on the ground of its logical inconsistency, without his having zero knowledge or insight into the subject matter in question. Language is a delicate, and the most fragile tool to express what one has in mind. The repudiations referred above will simply ridicule and reject what one has said, simply on the ground of the incorrect logical form !

Let us bring some more direct references from formal logic text books, to expose the real role of Logic in day to day life: In the book ' Introduction to Logical theory',( p.1) author P.F. Strawson states; ( Fellow of university college, Oxford)

"The charge of inconsistency does not ..refer to anything outside the statements that the man makes. We simply consider the way his statements hang-together.. .we assert that he has contradicted himself, and, in doing this,we make no appeal to the facts and express no opinion about them. It is this kind of internal criticism that is appraisal of the logic of a piece of discourse"

The picture is clear now. What we claim and celebrate as Logic, as the final yardstick of truth and accuracy is only a set of laws as to how to make correct assertions with regard to what we say or write. It has nothing to do with any ultimate truth, or relevance of the 'contents' in question ! It is all about the 'form' of  expressing ( oral or written) what we have in mind !

It is all about how one links what he proposes with the analogy/argument that he cites directly or indirectly.

If you leave aside the question of correct 'form', what pops-up next is the inevitable need of some past axiom or analogy that could 'logically' link what one proposes with such already known references, axioms or analogy. If one has experienced something that does not have a past precedence by way of any known axiom, known experience of the mainstream, or at least supported by any some or other kind of well acknowledged myth of the crowd, Logic falls flat for its practical use ! There is nothing that the proposition could be compared with, hence the laws of 'form' also loses its relevance !

From the above, it becomes plainly evident that, for reasoning, what man need is this or that kind of a past analogy, or experience, or axiom to reason with, for every current situation. When he invoke reason, he simply refers to one or other of his past experience, axiom, convention, or at least to a well accepted myth or tradition that could now be 'related' in the present context.

Such axioms or principles are what form the 'universal' premise in syllogism. For an agreement to be arrived at some point of debates and discussions, this 'universal' should be some what same for all parties. Otherwise, debates and discussions will fall-flat. So, even before the start of discussion, a recheck would be necessary about the universal premise all parties keep. Some times, parties make hard-stands, that even when they know the other party's basic premise is what is right, he will not budge for fear of losing face ! At other times, the other party may not be as knowledgeable as the other, that he is not in a position to grasp the relevance of such universal premise ever, or its logical connection with the question in discussion. So, besides the length of arguments and validity of evidences presented, for agreement, knowledge, as well as genuine,intellectually frank willingness to agree with what is right, also would be necessary to reach at agreement.

In short, arguments might always be, mostly about bringing the other party to agree with the 'universal'premises. If such an agreement is reached, then the remaining task is to explain, how logically the current issue is related to the agreed universal.

Growth of knowledge of an age or a community or country is closely connected with her ability to evolve improved and new universals. Faculty of Reason certainly has these two functions clearly evident; link below will show this clear light:

So, a certain paradigm with no known past affinities,resemblance or analogy would simply face the threat of logical rejection.

Thus, Logic is merely a set of norms and rules that unites what one asserts with its respective, known analogy, that is known to every participant in the discussion. That 'uniting' aspect is again a very distinct field of reasoning, apart from Logic itself. It requires a sense-organ type of role of a not-yet recognized faculty of human-mind, details of which are at blog link:

The relevance of an all engrossing, all covering mother premise, or universal premise, for making Logic relevant and sensible

By now, hope we have come to the final understanding that, logic is all about the 'universal' premise each person keeps.Universals kept by each person about each subject will be his central reference point. If all parties are agreed on such a central-reference point, then Logic is only about how one relates his stand to it. If such reference point is about all engrossing themes like 'existence' life, God etc, almost every theme under sky, or above sky could be referred to it, or checked the consistency with it, and arrive at indisputable agreements !

Few useful quotes and notes:

Stephen Hawking said:

if everything in the universe depends on everything else in a fundamental way, it might be impossible to get close to a full solution by investigating’ parts’  of the problem in isolation'.
( Hawking. Stephen.  A brief history of time,1992, 12.Bantam Books, UK)

This vital observation indicates that, till every localized laws of science is linked together by one single logic, and one universal premise, we could only endow them
status of working solutions, for meeting our day to day issues. Logic need to be understood and re-defined as one master-relation at the start of a string, and every isolated pocket of logic that we use to explain localized events must necessarily be linked logically to the said ‘master-relation’, in the form of a chain of well connected events.

If human system of logic follow such a must law and precedent, the tendency of mankind and its various institution finding a suitable local logic for justifying every localized decision and conclusion would come to an end. Mankind will get a clear intellectual and logical direction in every field of activity, such as science, politics, industry and education.

Authored by: Abraham J. Palakudy
An independent philosophy, mind, Reason and polity seeker and researcher 
contact me
Twitter: Voice of philosophy@jopan1

Sense organs of man: Are they Nature’s exclusive Windows ?

Among the modern philosophers, it was Kant who looked-down upon our sense-organs the most, saying, it give us only ‘impure’ knowledge. It eludes us the vital knowledge of what the objects of our senses ‘in themselves’! 

According to Kant, senses just receive random ‘sensations’ from the external world. It is the mind that has been equipped by nature, to translate these sensations into certain sensible ‘categories’, and then into proper ‘perception’ and knowledge. Such processing by mind include adding the spices of ‘time’ and ‘space’( modes of perception) also, to give them status of ‘perception’ and knowledge. He had not offered any sensible explanation, how mind was formed, or the how the SELF of man, the owner of mind was formed.

Above formulations of Kant have so far not encountered any serious objection. Even modern Science has got only some temporary solace from his harsh conclusion, that what science has at her disposal was only a bundle of such ‘impure’ sense knowledge, as the latter has no access to what objects are,  in their ‘in-themselves’, original form. But he sanctified science, saying such knowledge is adequate to serve her purposes !

 Kant had not specified, whether man can ever access the ‘things in themselves’ reality about objects. He said  it is possible only via intuition’, but he didn't clarify enough what he meant by intuition! 

But one thing we could confidently observe, that by calling sense-information ‘impure’ chiefly on account of their being mere ‘sensations’ at sense-level, he treated ‘senses’ of man as mere ‘openings’ in the body. He claimed that the important aspect of ‘categorizing’ etc. of sense-data  takes-place in the ‘mind’, or at brain level, in a further act of  belittling the role of senses!

Kant concentrated more on the ‘processing’ aspects of sense-date, instead of understanding their more crucial, existential or metaphysical role. Here one need to abandon the notion that, senses consists only the external pieces in the body, linked to various brain areas for the process of sense-data. It is simple to consider the ‘senses’ as complete and stand-alone systems or organizations, irrespective of their part-wise or component –wise role. Otherwise, we will simply end-up doing a structural-analyzing of ‘sense-organs’, at the cost of ignoring their important, unique  role as exclusive 'windows’ towards existence.

Senses  as devices or windows through which Nature opens herself

Purpose of this small write-is to present ‘senses’ as the most vital devices for man, with their role in giving different insights on the different qualities or ‘categories’ of existence. No one knows what is ‘existence’ in its totality, except what man is destined to see, hear, smell, touch and taste. It is from these basic qualities revealed by nature through the senses  that the rest story about her assumed ‘totality’ has been worked-out by man.

If eyes reveals ‘sight’, ears ‘sound’ and so on…We have no insight to conclude that, the 5 known categories are the exclusive properties or categories in nature, through which she reveals herself  to us ! Her colors and qualities could be much beyond what she had opted to share with living beings. The spectrum might be larger; we do not know. It looks sensible to conclude that, her intention was to  give a particular experience of LIFE, in her specially chosen, or rather CREATIVELY chosen  way.

Here we need not consider these sense-organs as mere openings that create ‘sensations’ into our mind, as once stated above. When we refer to senses, we refer to them as a complete system, that enrich man with continued inputs.

We should also note that, senses are not static devices as Kant hinted; they are dynamic systems, that change its nature of input every moment. They do not remain mere ‘sensation’ announcing- devices to mind, but every new experience adds-up to their receiving and interacting features. It is like them being a new ‘arithmetic-aggregate’ number at every new moment of time, for each person. A rose does not remain a rose that the eyes had seen it for the first time when the eyes see her for 2nd and 3rd time ! For a biologists, she is an altogether different object than for the owner of the rose-garden. Act of sensing, hence is an ever changing dynamic-process. They are the vital interface-devices for universe or existence with man, the input of the senses alters with every new experience of man. Rose might have created unimaginably different sensation in the eyes of our primeval forefathers the jungle !

The danger and risk of manipulated sense-organs that will give totally synthetic inputs to man, and to create them as totally synthetic beings !

Many a times, instead of remaining as virgin openings towards existence, passing her unadulterated signals, the SELF of man often turn themselves into synthetic beings, cutting all ties with Nature. Man even consider her a competitor, with whom he need to wage a war to survive ! ( see blog-post:

Here, sense-organs get badly manipulated, or corrupted by the suggestions of the external-world and her ideologies and myths, that they no more remain as the nature destined windows for her pure passage of light and insight. Modern world is now aware of people and groups destroying old monuments, hate poetry, songs and beauty, get intentionally trained to bear pain &insult etc. Life has turned altogether a burden and a negative experience for millions today. Instead of senses ruling these men, they have been put under the control of various negative programming.

Mind here acts like a creator of synthetic realities of the stuff she gets from the world. Once trained or habituated, our senses entertain only particular inputs, in ways such past conditioning has set. Reasoning is ultimately as processing from the AVAILABLE, or SUBJECTIVELY chosen premises. It is like keeping one’s eyes and ears fully open and alert. If one chooses to be careless on this account, one might simply stumble and fall, or hit objects in the path.

Light on the above feature of sense organs was flashed here, in-order to show her fragility to succumb to external and internal suggestions and programming. Mind is such a mechanism, that she is helpless but to create REALITIES out of SUPPLIED, or AVAILABLE stuff at her disposal. She is not by herself CRITICAL, or analytical in nature. She is a slave of the whims of the ‘self ‘, her master.

Coming back again to the UNIQUENESS of sense-organs

 To add further to the special features of our sense-organs, when we consider the particular range of each of our sense-organ, such as the range of  the size of objects our eyes could see, and the range of distance she is able to see, what has been claimed above ( they being unique windows, nature has provided to man to revel herself in pre-destined manner)  gains more relevance. Think of our eyes with sight-range to see microbes too ? Could we have been able to breath air or drink water if we were able to see all the microbes in air and water ? No. It might have been simply repulsive for us ! Normal life would have been difficult !

Similarly, if we could see all galaxies and beyond with our naked eyes ? Could our lives have been same if had such distant-vision ?  Think on similar terms with ears; if ears were able to hear ultra-sonic signals too, could we rest for a moment in silence ? Silence for us is a state where we are not able to hear much noise. But if ears were equipped with ultra-sonic range, our life would have been unimaginably different !

Exactly similar is the case with all other sense-organs too, whether it is tongue, skin or nose.

The confusion about the processing part of sense-data

It is difficult to counter the stand of Kant that, there exists an organization within mind that ‘categorize’ the sense data into certain sensible divisions. But, it is more sensible to reduce them to just TWO categories, ie,, SELF and OTHER. Or in other words, what originated first in the mind of man was his consciousness about himself. Then he started observing everything else as outside him, in the category of ‘external’, or the ‘other’. 

Kant had touched this issue in his own way. He wrote,man is not an object among objects in the world,but other objects are there only as his objects of experience. He called it the work of his ' transcended ego'. 

It is this ‘self’ or ego, that gives ‘sense’ in its own way to other objects in the vicinity. More on this proposition is there at:

So, mind, instead of processing sense-data into ‘perception and knowledge’ as thought by Kant, it is more sensible to say that, man’s self ‘receives’ sense-data,  and assimilate them  as per its special and unique needs and preferences. Conversion of them into perception and then knowledge has no uniformity, as it differ from person to person, and time period to time period in history, depending upon the knowledge status among men in world.

Does man has a 6th sense-organ, an all controlling one?

There might be some law, or inherent ‘category’ organization as to how self processes its all external objects. But, for this purpose, each species of living organism seems to have bestowed with another SENSE-ORGAN, which is internal, in-order to ORGANIZE its respective other sense-inputs per its biological and even spiritual needs !

This post wishes to propose here that, our familiar ‘faculty of Reason’ is this mystery ‘sense-organ’, that does the said job. According to the Nature bestowed biological or spiritual destiny of each species, this mystery ‘sense-organ’ exhibit very different faculties for different species.

The concept of  the 6th sense of man is popular. But, its mystery might end here, when we learn about it, and its not yet comprehended role-range. After this exercise of learning all about our ‘faculty of Reason, we might say with confidence that, yes, indeed we always had a 6th sense !

Here, one important feature of man’s sense-organs, not yet in the popular awareness of man, is their certain inherent PREDILECTIONS; let us first observe those of our eyes. Though eyes see external objects, it also exhibit an inherent pre-liking for beauty, order or symmetry than chaos, &disorder.

Similar pre-liking and aversions are evident for Nose also. It has a pre-liking for fragrance than odor. It wishes to keep distance from objects and places of odor. Similarly, ears like melodies than cacophony. Disorderly sounds make us discomfort. Tongue’s famous pre-liking for sweet taste makes it a best example for what has been above proposed. Universally, some tastes are not palatable to human-tongue.

This knowledge about ‘pre-liking’ or predilections of sense-organs will be complete when we observe such predilections of this newly proposed 6th sense, our faculty of Reason. As this is a very special theme, deserving to be treated in a complete Book, this author has done it, by publishing an E-book titled, “ Is reason a sense-organ? A super-mind above the known-mind?’ at; it’s link is:         

Same theme is available at the blogger page too, presented in a different style, at link:

Nature has made some sense organs in some species more powerful and special is common-knowledge; Eg. the famous extra-special smell-detection ability of Dogs!
We know that,some animal species are blessed with extra-ordinary night-vision!

Similarly, the sense-faculty of Reason is much advanced in man, than that of any other animal species ! It was this extra ordinary faculty that made man capable of developing his art of Logic, a discipline that instill ‘sense’ into whatever he think, act and verbally express. It insists that, whatever one presents afresh must be related to something already known to all, or at least both parties in the discussion/debate. Whether the relation, or order/consistency now being attributed to the ‘universal’ ( the already known or established fact ) in question is true or false, a quality that only a ‘sense-organ’ can detect, is what our ‘sense-organ’ of Reason always performs ! 

As well explained in the above referred book, as well in the blog-post, this unique sense-organ of man is capable of arriving at ‘self-evident’ ( in the plan of nature) axioms too, at many instances. For example, how the American Revolution leaders inferred that,
‘Rights and Liberty’ of man is ‘inalienable’ and ‘self-evident’ in Nature? No sensible man could refute such axioms. Similarly, Science has a lingering sense that, they still lack a ‘unified theory’ on all energy forms. Another example is, we always ‘sense’ when a logical inconsistency exists in propositions or syllogism. How ?

Though past philosophers and men of mind had attributed it to our ‘understanding’ or ‘intelligence, some vague terms with no one knows what they are, it makes complete sense in understanding our faculty of Reason as an internal ‘sense-organ’. It might be intellectually very demanding to realize this new proposal, but if the mind is open and inquisitive, it will not be tough. There is no better explanation !

Above paper links and book on Reason explain its PRISMATIC function also. Prismatic function of Reason automatically splits each new ray of thought or idea into its all possible sub ideas and possibilities, if time is allocated for this creative purpose. Man usually think, such creative thoughts are his own free willed prowess, as he usually does it in scientific pursuits. But it is clear with our new understanding,that such feats are a natural work of our faculty of Reason! We only need to allow it to function non stop with out interruption. We know, even eyes and ears needed attentive observation to find everything in their range. Having merely eyes and ears never give any man complete knowledge of his surroundings.

This prismatic or spectrum function of Reason perhaps helps us to understand how sense data is processed by mind in all respects. There is no role of any other organ of mind in this vital area. We got a complete picture of how mind functions. Perhaps the entire role is that of our sense organs if we accept and include the entire role of our faculty of Reason too in the act.


Coming back to the chief theme of this discussion, it is evident now that, the role of sense-organs is so special and unique in knowledge acquisition for man. We exclusively depend upon them, for whatever Nature had opted to REVEAL to us. For this reason only perhaps that, the old school of philosophy believed,’ there is nothing in the mind that was not there previously in the senses ‘!

We make sense of the world and her objects by rechecking the veracity of every object by testing with other sense-organs. Something that appear sweet and palatable to the eyes, we taste it with tongue, to confirm the truth of what eyes observed first. What is seen and heard, we often touch to make sure that ‘eyes were not cheating’ us !

We give more deeper order to the world by applying our sense-organ of Reason, by checking whether what is present now could be logically connected to something already found as TRUE in the past, or elsewhere, or to the natural, self-evident plane of ideas that she seems to have access to.

This new role of Reason, totally different from that of the great man Kant, might be new to the world, not heard before. But why worry; check within each one’s inner-sense organ, as to what is more sensible, and what appeal more strongly to our sense of Reason ?

Man, it seems, destined to seek out spiritual truths about existence too, unlike any animal species. Hence, man constantly suffer from the pangs for knowing or seeking out truth ! It was this pangs that helped us to create Science. In future, the same urge of Reason will land us at the ultimate goal of Nature, making us aware of the extra-physical aspects of existence !!!

It is hence doubtless that, man’s primary and almost exclusive source of knowledge is our sense –organs. Russell said, whatever before our sense-organs are ‘atomic’ propositions ( Eg. ‘this horse is red’, etc) needing no syllogism to prove its truth.. Our ultimate check of truth and exactness is our sense-organs.

Mind can create synthetic realities, but not our sense-organs, if we allow them to be unaffected by our self-programming, willful or sub-conscious. It might be with the awareness about mind’s synthetic reality making habit , that learned sages advised man to live ‘mind-less’ or ‘without mind’, or without judgment, so that one could live receiving virgin inputs from mother nature/Existence !

One final point !

At a close look, a serious observer will find that, Truth, what ever kind it is,a scientific or otherwise, is basically EXPERIENCED by man ! Means, truth of every kind is some or other kind of ORDER. Such state of 'order' is fundamentally an abstract 'quality' of category in existence, hence could only be 'SENSED' by a particular sense-organ ! We find our well proven scientific theories exact; how many times we repeat the experiment, the result would be same. You do the experiment or I do it, the result would be same. But the crux of the matter, ie. when we say ORDER, or CONSISTENCY, we simply EXPERIENCE it, like we experience the truth of a tree before our eyes ! 

In other words, this EXPERIENCING aspect was VITAL in every scientific invention and discovery, but we falsely thought, it in some other way. Probably, when such a theory is observable by more than one person, we denoted it as an OBJECTIVE reality,meaning, it is not a private and subjective experience of one person, but a public reality, common to one and all ! In other words, what transformed, or attained the status of PUBLIC-REALITY, or objective reality was the 'SHAREABLE' factor of a private experience, without disturbing or violating the more fundamental fact that, man can only privately 'experience'every event of truth or ORDER ! It is like, what one experience ( after seeing by eyes) as a tree, when every other person also have the same experience, that is being a common object of one of our sense-organs, we named them as 'objective-reality'.
And, every such objective reality is, primarily and fundamentally a direct 'experience' for each person/each observer, by the work of some or other SENSE-ORGAN of man !

In still some other words, man does not, or can not have any experience other than and out side a SENSE-EXPERIENCE!

It might look odd, and even disturbing to our otherwise trained intelligence, but it is time for a thorough rethink, and paradigm shift ! Our theory of knowledge is in need of a total revamp. Role of sense-organs in the act, a total re-look too.. 

Authored by Voice of Philosophy,
( Abraham J. Palakudy, an independent, mind, Reason, polity and meta-physics knowledge seeker and researcher)

Sunday, January 2, 2011

Human Reason- Man’s only link to his origin and meaning-Part - A

Human Reason- Man’s only link to his origin and meaning

( Also see the latest blog on this subject at blog link: . Also our Book, titled ' Is reason a sense-organ? A super-mind above the known mind?', more details of which are there at the said blog)

Even a layman without any musical background will detect the difference in the beauty and order of a tune sung by some one like him, and a master. When a photo frame on the wall is tilted to sides no engineering degree is required to find the fault. When a group attack a single person without provocation, every one of us feel the prick of injustice. 

How man concludes that if 2 plus 2 make 4, twenty million plus twenty million will definitely make forty million? Or, say, where does the top cosmologist gets the notion that despite all the man's elaborate discoveries and findings about universe many things are still lying hidden, and his knowledge is incomplete?
Yes.. man possess a seat of ‘ORDER’ or a sensor of ‘ORDER’  ready-built in the system. It not only help us to detect disorder, but also urge us to bring-in order. Man can not normally resist its call without paying its high price. It is very similar to his call of hunger and thirst, and also the call to mate.

It urges leaders to fight for just causes, and victims to take revenge for atrocities suffered. Men will wage wars, and launch revolutions obliging to such calls.

Man is yet to fully realize such wider dimensions of his REASON. We so far could identify it only as a special faculty bestowed by nature for man, among other species. We so far have associated Reason only with the function of arriving at correct conclusions out of a given set of premises. It has so far been associated only with consistency of thought, and its logical conclusion.

Though the great philosopher Emmanuel Kant in his revolutionary observation found that human reasoning was limited to the special characteristics of the mind organ,( categories) and the ultimate ‘in itself’ truth about the objects was beyond its ability, he had certified the sanctity of science’s findings for its own sake. Hence the status and authenticity of the faculty of Reason remained in tact up to this day.

We could observe that, this faculty of Reason is present in animal and plant species also in  rudimentary forms. Predators analyze various options available for choosing the most effective way of striking at the prey. Plants also might be possessing it to choose the best direction for its roots to proceed towards water source, and branches towards sun. 

If we take such aspects of this faculty into consideration we will have to accept that, it is more an INSTINCT, or a sense-organ than a special faculty.  With man, it is much more developed and advanced. Like he has learned to make the best use of his physical organs like hands, legs and eyes, he could groom and develop this mental organ also to much higher degree of use, like gaining insight into the forces and energies that lie beyond the physical realm, including SENSING of God, or most importantly, HIS emotional predisposition !

While his external sense-organs are exclusively meant to give him experience of the objective world,God or you may call NATURE,it seems,had kept in him a door within, to one day know him/she too ! Knowing me closely is knowing my emotional or attitudinal predisposition,not my physical features.So, knowing one's emotional predisposition or predilection is knowing him fully and absolutely !

As observed in the case of man, Reason's function is more automated than chosen. A tilted portrait on the wall automatically draws our attention without the formation of any syllogism.  When we face the urge to save a victim on the street from a group attack, the  call is automated like a reflex. It is very similar to man’s call to mate and seeking  romantic relationship. One is helplessly drawn to such behaviour. Sense organs always behave this way, if one observe them closely. We can not deduce their existence and reality except by just sensing their unique categories; can ear's existence and reality be inferred by evidence of experience of any other sense-organ, say eye or nose ?

Even man's religions emerged out of the call of this mystery instinct of Reason. We can observe that human Reason has two different and distinct functions:

1)     The more or less mechanical function of  arriving at the best suited conclusion out of  the presented premises.  Note that only out of the available premises in front of him, not based on all the premises in the world! It is right for the moment only.
2)      The job of  splitting each ray of given idea into its constituent sub ideas is the second function of Reason. It can be called the PRISMATIC function of Reason. Like prism splits white light into its constituent different colours, reason too split each given idea into its sub-possibilities endlessly. This function is more CREATIVE than the earlier one. Unlike animals, only man seems possess  this advanced function.  It was this function that carried mankind through his civilizational advancement. The more the splitting of  such given premises before him, the more will be his urge to use reason, and arrive at new conclusions that take him to new stands and attitudes. 

Like his irresistible urge for seeking  love, this prismatic function too do not give man any rest, until it makes him continue using this faculty for finding final truths and answers. This function of Reason helps man to constantly sharpen and sharpen his truths ! Spirituality, as everyone agrees, is man’s urge to find ultimate truth and meaning of his existence. Religions, thus, have been his temporary halt point in the unending journey upward. Scientist shares this urge in a different way. What they want to find also is the ultimate truth of the universe and final equations for the matter- energy conflict.

Reason’s link to man’s origin and meaning

From where does this mystery sparkle of reason landed in human system? Even if man finds all the answers about matter and energy in cosmos under principles of physics, he may not be able to explain the origin of this mystery seat of ‘order’ without first admitting the metaphysical origin of  everything that exists. The more man knows about the universe, stars and black holes, the more is scientists speak about the underlying ORDER that they observe. Man could logically assume that what he possess in the form of his REASON within him could be the replica of such underlying order in the universe. It could be the link that unites man to the ultimate meaning and substance of existence!

But why should man be proud of his reasoning prowess? It is after all nothing far different from his urge to mate. Probably Reason is an urge a bit above in importance to the biological instinct of sex !

(also please see part -B of this blog for a more complete picture of this proposition, followed by our more detailed blog and book,whose references and links provided at the beginning of this post)

Abraham Joseph
An ardent seeker, researcher, and writer in subjects like philosophy, mind,Reason,spirituality and Polity
Twitter: voice of philosophy@jopan1

Saturday, November 27, 2010

The mystery sparkle called human Reason: Part-B

Is Reason man’s mystery inner organ for sensing existential order?

The Source of gaining knowledge for man, it seems, have two distinctly different modes, or man lives his life with two distinctly different ‘reality making internal organs’. The primary among these two is his usual MIND, predominantly ‘the other oriented’, or the ‘world oriented’ organ. It is there to ensure momentum during his tenure of life. It is a means, not an end in itself. 

The function of the other seems exclusively to give man insight into the metaphysical aspects of life&existence. 

There is a precondition for Mind’s realities. Something gains the status of reality only when it is shared with others. In other words, mind’s realities are ‘external’ oriented. It first converts its unit of knowledge into ‘objects’. Known sense organs seems exclusively schemed to aid this external life. 

The other mode of knowledge does not belong to above referred category. It is, as said above once, exists exclusively to provide metaphysical knowledge to man, about him and existence.  Man sometimes calls inputs from this source ‘intuition’, but this mode of gaining knowledge deserves much more elaborate inquiry as there is no known theory as to what is intuition. It is not depended on subject-object modality as in the case of mind. This mode seems always remain linked,or united with its source of all knowledge, like a newborn baby remains linked with its mother, in entity and spirit.   

Perhaps it is similar to the tie between romantic LOVERS. At moments of extreme bliss in love, the separation vanishes for the love partners. Minds gets more richer from this source of knowledge than from the sense provided knowledge, hence science has to admit this source also as authentic, additional source of gaining knowledge for man. It is the  source of emotion for gaining knowledge.No one can deny that man's knowledge horizons gets more expanded  through this source than the sense centered knowledge.

Like man’s different external sense organs, it is logically possible to assume that he might be possessing more than one inner sense organs also,destined to give him different dimensions of reality, but of course, yet not identified by science.

Man’s so called ‘faculty’ of Reason is the most less understood by science . It is, in fact, a ‘sensor’ of the mysterious ‘order’ in existence, a mystery ‘sparkle’ within him.
It is probably the one aspect that links man with the mystery of his origin! Even a common man is usually capable of distinguishing between discords, and a properly played music. Even animals and plants said to enjoy melodies. Irrespective of age, race or gender, man admires art and beauty. His heart burns at injustice. Sense of beauty, morals, concepts of freedom and equality also have born from man’s inner depths. All these are plain manifestations of the said one and only seat of this mystery ‘order’ in man, his Reason. It is often felt like a distinct inner sense organ. This organ is what, it seems, gets activated during meditations, and when artists, writers and gifted speakers are at their creative best. 

Unlike mind, it seems to possess a spiritual predilection also. When activated, it instinctively carries man into a certain preset direction.  Hence every spiritual seeker travels in the same pattern and reach similar destinations of inner knowledge. This is very similar to such directives attached to man’s physical organs. Nose instinctively helps us to select what is edible and what is not. Similarly skin has a directive to judge as to how much heat or cold is bearable to its range. These senses, thus, have a built in physical directive to lead us its bio-centered destinations.     

Science may not be able to explain the landing or the existence of this mystery sparkle in man when they go deep into its such not yet fully realized functions and dimensions. How can such a ‘seat of order’ ever be a product of physical matter?

In the early tribal days of man’s history, man possessed only a single collective mind, a herd mind, for the entire community, like that of animal herds, as many psychologists now agree.  Later on, when the concept of individuality gained centrality in human thought, especially during the reign of Roman Empire, it seems man entered the stage of independent mind. Socio-political institutions suddenly emerged around this theme to cement this new organ. Even modern science and economics seems derived from this centrality of mind concept. Nothing was considered truth beyond what could be grasped by the newly defined mind of independent man, and of course, able to be shared with others.  Capitalism was its natural economic outcome with its stress on the freedom of entrepreneurs. Man become a captive of his mind organ from then on. It has become more a veil that blocks, than a lamp that illuminates. He wanted every knowledge to be brought down to its range and reach, to be accepted as part of reality.

Like a blind man gains extra range and reach for his other organs (like ears and nose) mind alone has thus strengthened over the other hidden inner organs referred in the beginning! Time and space seem to be categories attached to mind organ to present him with specialized realities as first observed by the great philosopher Kant. It is not realities in ‘itself’ that man grasps, but only its subjective pictures that mind make. The other part of reality beyond mind’s range and reach got abandoned by science as mere subjective imagination and superstition. But the existence of possible other inner organs for understanding such extra-sensory realities is yet to grab science’s attention. 

Like the newborn baby’s entity and spirit remain united with its mother without separation, it seems man’s spirit too remain united with the ultimate source of existence-call it God or Nature- at the level of this mystery inner organ. Every man also remains united with every other man, as one entity, at this level of existence.

Both Science and religions were the outcome of the same spirit of inquiry of man. But unfortunately both the pursuits stand stuck at their own sets of dogmas in between, without reaching respective destinations. Both the groups have to abandon their dogmatic positions about the nature of reality, by keeping the flame of inquiry ever open. The mystery sparkle called Reason definitely deserves much more probing into its nature and working. Science’s bundle of knowledge is not at all ‘objective’ in its true meaning but better understood as the collective subjectivity of mankind.

By Abraham J.Palakudy
He is an independent seeker&researcher into fields like Mind&Reason, self&world, Spirituality, metaphysics, and finally different forms of Polity
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